Mechanical Seals are fitted to rotating equipment such as pumps and compressors to prevent leakage between a rotating shaft and housing.
The main types are:
Elastomer Bellows Seal
Elastomer Bellows Double Seal
Seal for Stepped Shaft Spring
Seal for Plain Shaft Spring
Single Spring Pump Seal
Double Seal for Chemical Pumps
O Ring Elastomer Seal
Metal Bellows Seal
It is also possible to refurbish some seals however this will depend on the condition of the parts. When replacing mechanical seals information about the working environment, the rotational speed and the media being pumped are useful or send us your old sample and we will do our best to replace it
All mechanical seals are constructed with the following basic sets of parts:
- A set of (very flat) machined and lapped primary sealing faces: The very close (near) contact between these two flat mating surfaces, which are perpendicular to the shaft, minimizes leakage. Dissimilar materials are usually used for the faces, one hard and one softer, in order to prevent adhesion of the two faces. One of the faces is usually a non-galling material such as carbon-graphite. The other surface is usually a relatively hard material like silicon-carbide, or ceramic. However, when handling abrasive, two hard surfaces are normally used:
- One face is held stationary in a housing
- The other face is fixed to, and rotates with the shaft.
- A set of secondary static seals, typically O-rings, wedges and/or V-rings.
- One static seal, seals stationary component(s) to the housing
- The other seal, seals the rotating component(s) to the shaft (it normally moves axially on the shaft or shaft sleeve)
- A spring member to maintain face contact, such as a single spring, multiple springs or metal bellows.
- Other mechanical seal hardware, which includes shaft sleeves, gland rings, collars, compression rings, and/or pins.
Mechanical seals require clean water, or other compatible liquid, for the lubrication of the seal faces. The faces in a typical mechanical seal are lubricated with a boundary layer of gas or liquid between the faces. Lubrication can be provided from the pumped liquid itself or from an external source, depending on system requirements.